Can Dogs Eat Cheese? Understanding the Benefits and Risks

Cheese is a popular and delicious treat enjoyed by many humans, but can dogs safely indulge in this dairy delight? The answer is a bit nuanced, as cheese can have both benefits and potential risks for our canine companions.

Benefits of Cheese for Dogs

Cheese can be a good source of protein and calcium for dogs. Protein is essential for muscle growth and repair, while calcium is crucial for strong bones and teeth. In moderation, cheese can also serve as a high-value training treat, making it useful for positive reinforcement during obedience training or teaching new commands.

Risks of Cheese for Dogs

While cheese can offer nutritional benefits, it’s important to be aware of potential risks:

  1. Lactose Intolerance: Many dogs are lactose intolerant, meaning they lack the enzyme lactase needed to properly digest lactose, a sugar found in milk. This can lead to digestive issues like diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach upset when dogs consume dairy products, including cheese.
  2. High Fat Content: Cheese can be high in fat, which may not be suitable for dogs with sensitive stomachs or those prone to pancreatitis. High-fat diets can lead to weight gain and gastrointestinal problems.
  3. Salt Content: Some types of cheese, especially processed varieties, can be high in salt, which isn’t ideal for dogs. Excessive salt intake can lead to dehydration and increased thirst.
  4. Additives: Some cheeses contain additives or flavorings that can be harmful to dogs. Garlic and onion, for example, are toxic to dogs and can be present in certain types of cheese.

Safe Cheese Options

If you want to share cheese with your dog, it’s important to choose safe options:

  1. Low-Lactose Cheese: Some types of cheese have lower lactose content and may be better tolerated by lactose-intolerant dogs. Cottage cheese and hard cheeses like cheddar or Swiss are generally lower in lactose.
  2. Moderation: Like any treat, cheese should be given in moderation. A small amount, such as a small cube or sliver, can be a suitable occasional treat.
  3. Monitor Reactions: Introduce cheese to your dog’s diet gradually and monitor for any adverse reactions. If you notice digestive issues or changes in behavior, it’s best to avoid feeding cheese.
  4. Consult Your Veterinarian: Before adding cheese or any new food to your dog’s diet, consult your veterinarian. They can provide personalized recommendations based on your dog’s individual health and dietary needs.

Alternatives to Cheese

If you’re concerned about the risks associated with cheese, there are alternative treats you can offer your dog:

  1. Dog-Specific Treats: Many dog-specific treats are formulated to be safe and nutritious. Look for treats with limited ingredients and no added preservatives.
  2. Fruits and Vegetables: Many fruits and vegetables, such as apple slices, carrot sticks, and blueberries, make healthy and low-calorie treats for dogs.
  3. Commercial Dental Chews: Dental chews designed for dogs can help satisfy their desire to chew while promoting oral health.


While cheese can be a tasty and nutritious treat for some dogs, it’s important to approach it with caution. Factors like lactose intolerance, high fat and salt content, and potential additives should be considered before offering cheese to your furry friend. If you’re unsure about whether cheese is a suitable addition to your dog’s diet, consult your veterinarian for guidance and recommendations on safe and healthy treats.

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