Can I Have a Dog If I Have Allergies?

Many people dream of having a furry companion to share their lives with, but allergies can be a significant concern for dog lovers. While allergies to dogs are common, they don’t necessarily mean you can’t have a dog. With careful planning and management, you can often enjoy the company of a canine companion without suffering from severe allergy symptoms.

Understanding Dog Allergies

Dog allergies typically result from proteins found in a dog’s skin cells (dander), urine, and saliva. These allergens can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Common allergy symptoms include sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itchy or watery eyes, coughing, wheezing, and skin rashes.

Assessing Your Allergy Sensitivity

Before getting a dog, it’s essential to assess the severity of your allergies to determine if having a dog is a feasible option. Consider the following:

  1. Consult an Allergist: Schedule an appointment with an allergist for a comprehensive evaluation and allergy testing. They can determine the specific allergens that trigger your symptoms and provide personalized advice.
  2. Spend Time Around Dogs: Spend time around dogs to gauge your reaction. Visit friends or family who have dogs or volunteer at a local animal shelter. This will give you a sense of how your allergies may manifest in a real-world setting.
  3. Consider Hypoallergenic Breeds: Some dog breeds are considered hypoallergenic because they produce fewer allergens or have hair instead of fur. While no dog is entirely allergen-free, hypoallergenic breeds may be more manageable for allergy sufferers.

Reducing Allergen Exposure

If you have mild to moderate dog allergies and are committed to having a dog, there are several strategies to reduce allergen exposure:

  1. Choose the Right Breed: If you’re set on getting a dog, consider hypoallergenic breeds like Poodle, Bichon Frise, Maltese, or Portuguese Water Dog. These breeds tend to produce fewer allergens.
  2. Frequent Cleaning: Regularly clean your home, including vacuuming with a HEPA filter, dusting, and washing your dog’s bedding and toys. Use a high-efficiency air purifier to remove allergens from the air.
  3. Designated Dog-Free Zones: Establish dog-free zones in your home, like your bedroom or certain furniture. This provides you with allergen-free spaces where you can find relief from your symptoms.
  4. Grooming and Bathing: Regular grooming and bathing for your dog can help reduce the amount of allergens in their fur. Consider professional grooming services or bathe your dog at home using hypoallergenic shampoos.
  5. Wash Your Hands and Clothes: Wash your hands and change your clothes after handling or playing with your dog. This can help prevent allergen transfer to your face and other surfaces.
  6. Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription allergy medications can help manage symptoms. Consult your allergist or a healthcare professional for appropriate recommendations.

Immunotherapy (Allergy Shots)

For severe allergies, immunotherapy may be an option. Allergy shots involve receiving regular injections of allergens to build up tolerance over time. This can significantly reduce allergic reactions. Discuss this treatment option with your allergist.

Consider Allergen-Free Breeds

Some breeds are often recommended for allergy sufferers due to their minimal shedding and reduced allergen production. While individual reactions vary, consider these breeds:

  • Poodle
  • Bichon Frise
  • Maltese
  • Shih Tzu
  • Portuguese Water Dog
  • Basenji
  • Kerry Blue Terrier


Allergies don’t necessarily mean you can’t have a dog, but they do require careful consideration and management. If you’re determined to have a canine companion, consult an allergist, assess your sensitivity, and follow strategies to reduce allergen exposure. Choosing a hypoallergenic breed and implementing proper cleaning and grooming routines can make dog ownership more comfortable for allergy sufferers. Ultimately, with the right precautions and preparation, you can enjoy the love and companionship of a dog while managing your allergies effectively.

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